Titre du document

Causalité et conditionnement dans le fonctionnalisme diachronique

Nom du corpus

Corpus Unitex français

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Auteur(s)
  • Stijn Verleyen 1,2
  • Pierre Swiggers 3,4
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Campus Kortrijk, E. Sabbelaan 53, B-8500 Kortrijk. e-mail: stijn.verleyen@kulak.be
  • 2) Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Campus Kortrijk, E. Sabbelaan 53, B-8500 Kortrijk. e-mail:
  • 3) Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique – Flandres, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven pb 3308, Blijde Inkomststraat 21, B-3000 Leuven. e-mail: pierre.swiggers@arts.kuleuven.be
  • 4) Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique – Flandres, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven pb 3308, Blijde Inkomststraat 21, B-3000 Leuven. e-mail:
Revue

Folia Linguistica Historica

Langue(s) du document
Français
Éditeur
Degruyter (journals)
Année de publication
2006
Type de publication
Journal
Type de document
Research-article
Résumé

This article offers a critical analysis of the notions of causality and conditioning of linguistic change as these were developed in the French functionalist school, most notably by Martinet (Norsk tidsskrift for sprogvidenskap 18: 434–440, 1955), and some of his followers (Haudricourt, Juilland, Essai pour une histoire structurale du phonétisme français, Klincksieck, 1949, Hagège, Haudricourt, La phonologie panchronique, Presses Universitaires de France, 1978). In the first section, we analyse the types of causality discussed in functionalist diachronic studies. We then discuss the teleological aspect associated with functionalist causal explanations. Finally, we analyse the distinction between internal and external factors in linguistic change. These issues are inextricably intertwined in diachronic functionalism, but French functionalists adopt different stands with respect to the nature, role and function of internal and external factors, and with respect to the explanation of ‘actuated’ linguistic change. From our critical analysis it appears that the concept of causality has not been fully elaborated by the functionalists, and that the notions of causality and conditioning remain vague. We argue that this is due to a more basic problem at the level of the theoretical conception of language, viz. the fact that Martinet is caught between three perspectives on ‘language’: (1) the linguistic system as existing independently of speakers; (2) the individual speaker and the idiolect as a supposedly homogeneous object of study; (3) the socially stratified and heterogeneous speech community.

Catégories WoS
  • 1 - social science
  • 2 - linguistics
Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - arts & humanities
  • 2 - communication & textual studies
  • 3 - languages & linguistics
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Social Sciences ; 2 - Social Sciences ; 3 - Linguistics and Language
  • 1 - Social Sciences ; 2 - Arts and Humanities ; 3 - Language and Linguistics
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences humaines et sociales
  • 2 - linguistique
persName
  • John Searle
  • Charles Taylor
  • Hubert Dreyfus
  • Taylor
  • Dreyfus
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Taylor
  • Wittgenstein
  • Dreyfus
  • Dreyfus
  • Wittgenstein
  • Searle
  • Dreyfus
  • Searle
  • Wittgenstein
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Dreyfus
  • Dreyfus
  • Dreyfus
  • Dreyfus
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Dreyfus
  • Searle
  • Dreyfus
  • Searle
  • Dreyfus
  • Searle
  • Dreyfus
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Dreyfus
  • Wittgenstein
  • Taylor
  • Dreyfus
  • Wittgenstein
  • Taylor
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Taylor
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Taylor
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Taylor
  • Wittgenstein
  • Taylor
  • Taylor
  • Taylor
  • Taylor
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Dreyfus
  • Searle
  • Dreyfus
  • Taylor
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Taylor
  • Dreyfus
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Wittgenstein
  • Taylor
  • Taylor
  • Searle
  • Taylor
  • Searle
  • Taylor
  • Taylor
  • Taylor
  • Searle
  • Taylor
  • Taylor
  • Searle
  • Taylor
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Taylor
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Wittgenstein
  • Taylor
  • Searle
  • Taylor
  • Searle
  • Taylor
  • Wittgenstein
  • Searle
  • Dreyfus
  • Taylor
  • Searle
  • Wittgenstein
  • Taylor
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Searle
  • Dreyfus
  • Taylor
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Taylor
  • Searle
  • Searle
  • Taylor
  • Dreyfus
  • Taylor
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Searle
  • Wittgenstein
  • Searle
  • Taylor
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Wittgenstein
  • Searle
  • Searle
placeName
  • Égypte
  • Égypte
  • Égypte
  • Égypte
  • Égypte
  • Égypte
  • Égypte
  • Égypte
  • Égypte
Date
  • 1992
Ref type bibl
  • 1983, p. 143
  • trad. fr. 1985, p. 174
  • 1994, p. 549
  • 1983, p. 145 sq.
  • trad. fr. 1985, p. 176 sq.
  • 1983, p. 143
  • trad. fr. 1985, p. 174, modi?ée
  • 1992, p. 59
  • 1991, p. 75
  • 1995, p. 166-167
  • 1969a, §85
  • 1995, p. 166
  • 1983, p. 150 sq.
  • trad. fr. 1985, p. 182 sq.
  • 1995, p. 129
  • trad. fr. 1998, p. 169-170
  • 1969a, §87
  • 1995, p. 166
  • 1969a, §87
  • 1969a, §28
  • Wittgenstein
  • 1969a, §31
  • 1969b, p. 14-15
  • 1969a, §217
  • 1995, p. 170
  • 1969a, §201
  • 1989, VI §38
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